WHAT IS ATTENTION-DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER (ADHD) ?
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is an affliction of the brain that interferes with the ability of a person to concentrate and maintain an age-appropriate level of inhibition. Someone suffering from ADHD is so numb or impulsive hyperactive that the daily routine at school, home and at work can be hampered. ADHD is usually evident during the preschool years and the early years of school.
WHO GETS IT?
ADHD is a problem that affects 3 or 5 percent American youngsters (approximately around two million). Although it is most often diagnosed as a child, adults can also suffer from ADHD. Adults with ADHD might not be aware that they have a condition, but recognize that they struggle to stay organized and stay on task. Everyday tasks, like getting up, dressing, getting organized for the day’s activities, being on time to work or working efficiently are major issues for an ADHD adult.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
The main symptoms of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder include hyperactivity, inattention and the tendency to be impulsive. Children may exhibit one or all of these three behavioral subtypes of ADHD: predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type (without significant inattention); predominantly inattentive type (without significant hyperactive-impulsive behavior) sometimes called ADD–an outdated term formerly used for the entire disorder; and combined type (that displays both inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms). ADHD symptoms can manifest over several months, with the most common being impulsivity and hyperactivity that precede the symptoms of inattention. Different symptoms can manifest in various settings, based on the challenges the setting creates for the child’s self-control.
Other symptoms of ADHD could include:
- It is difficult to organize tasks and tasks
- Avoids any activities that require a continuous mental effort
- Items that are lost
- In the midst of everyday activities, it is easy to get lost.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HYPERACTIVITY-IMPULSIVE TYPE?
- In the case of restlessness, it is common to fidget using feet or hands, or squirming in a seated position.
- Moving, climbing or removing seats in situations when silence or sitting is normal
- Answers are blurred out before being able to hear the entire question.
- It is difficult to wait in line or having to take turns
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF INATTENTION TYPE?
- Ignores details; makes careless mistakes
- Is having trouble keeping your attention at work or in play
- It doesn’t seem to pay attention when asked directly.
Do not adhere to the instructions given; doesn’t complete
HOW IS IT DIAGNOSED?
Since symptoms can differ in different situations, ADHD can be difficult to determine. The determination of ADHD is determined by the amount, frequency and the history of symptoms as well as the degree of their impact on the child’s performance in more than one environment. Teachers or parents may be the first ones to spot the indications of ADHD. The diagnosis of adults with ADHD can be determined by the symptoms as well as impairments and the past history. Adults suffering from ADHD may experience signs such as a lack of concentration or concentration, disorganization, agitation, difficulties in completing projects, and/or being lost in the process of locating things. They might also face problems working, at home or in personal relationships. In addition, people diagnosed with ADHD should have experienced symptoms before age seven, and they remained for at least six months.
The diagnosis should be done by a qualified professional who has experience for ADHD and mental health disorders.
Physical tests are conducted to rule out non-detected seizures, temporal seizures, and middle ear infections. Psychological tests can detect problems like difficulties with learning, anxiety and affective disorder. The ideal scenario is to conduct reviews of school records that contain evaluations from teachers and other people about the child’s behavior that are based on ratings scales. Parents and other people who are familiar with the child might be interviewed. Tests for intelligence and learning may be conducted. The doctor will use all these data to arrive at the diagnosis of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
WHAT ARE THE TREATMENTS AND SIDE EFFECTS?
There isn’t a treatment for ADHD and there is no one solution for each child. While ADHD is treatable, kids who suffer from the disorder rarely outgrow it. Most often, they develop adaptive strategies to cope with their conditions. The current ADHD treatments concentrate on the management of symptoms with medication and behavioral modification, or Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.
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